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Pollination

Most plum varieties require cross-pollination. The compatible varieties must be planted within 100 feet of each other and generally bloom at the same time.  European and Japanese plums are not cross-compatible. 

Most European plum varieties require cross-pollination from another European plum tree variety.  A few European plum varieties such as Damson, Italian Prune, Valor, and Stanley are at least partially self-fertile but will generally yield better with cross-pollination. 

Japanese plum varieties need cross-pollination from another Japanese or Japanese-American hybrid variety.  

Table 1. Pollinizers for Gage-Type Plums

Variety

Pollinizer

Oullins Gage

Self-fertile, Green Gage, Rosy Gage

Rosy Gage (NY101)

Vanette, Reine Claude Conducta, Oullins, Polly, DeMontfort, Fench Pettite, Geneva Mirabelle

Reine Claude Conducta

Partially self-fruitful, Stanley, Oullins Gage, Rosy Gage, Polly

Green Gage (Reine Claude)

partially self-fertile, Oullins Gage, Stanley, Rosy Gage

 

Table 2. Pollinizers for Mirabelle-Type Plums

Variety

Pollenizer

American Mirabelle

French Damson, Castleton

Herrenhausen

French Damson, Castleton

Geneva Mirabelle (NY 858)

French Damson, Castleton

Mirabelle de Metz

 Self-fruitful, Damson, Mirabelle, Castleton

 

 

Table 3. Pollinizers for Damson-types

 

Variety

Pollinizer

Blues Jam (NY5041)

 Self-fruitful, Jam Session, French petite, Italian, Purple Gage, Rosy Gage, Seneca

French Damson

 Self-Fruitful, Green Gage, Stanley

Shropshire

 Self-fruitful

Blue Damson

self-fertile

 

Table 4.  Pollinizers for yellow skinned Japanese-type plum varieties. 

Variety

Pollenizer

Oishi-wase

Self-incompatible, most Japanese-types blooming at the same time should work

Early Golden

Burbank, Ozark Premier, Shiro, Vanier, Vampire

Obilnaya

Information not available

 Shiro

Burbank, Methley, Vanier

 

Table 5.  Pollinizers for red skinned Japanese-type plum varieties. 

Variety

Pollinizer

Early Magic

Early Golden, Ozark Premier & Fortune

Ozark Premier

Vanier, Red Heart, Abundance

Burbank

Vanier, Red Heart, Methley, Santa Rosa, Abundance, Frier

Red Giant

Santa Rosa

Vanier

Burbank, Ozark Premier, Vampire, Santa Rosa

Vampire (V82053)

Shiro, Ozark Premier, Burbank, Vanier

Redheart

Elephant Heart, Burbank, Santa Rosa

Ruby Sweet

Partially self-fruitful, Green Gage, Damsons, Mirabelle, Cherry Plums

Rubyqueen

Black Ruby, Methley, Vanier, Shiro 

Fortune

Burbank, Friar, Angeleno, Laroda, Santa Rosa

Satsuma

Santa Rosa, Methley, Shiro, Toka(Bubblegum)

Improved Duarte

 

Burbank, Santa Rosa, Gaviota, Wickson

Simka  

self-fruitful

Caroline Harris

Santa Rosa, Methley, Shiro

Elephant Heart

Beauty, Santa Rosa

Alderman

Self-fruitful but does better with Toka and South Dakota

 

Table 6.  Pollinizers for blue/purple skinned Japanese-type plum varieties for 
Michigan fresh market. 

Variety

Pollenizer

Methley

Self-fruitful, Shiro

Black Ice (Lydecker)

Toka (Bubblegum), La Crescent

Angeleno

Grand Rosa, Santa Rosa, Primetime, Wickson

 

Table 7. Pollinizers for European plum varieties. 

Variety

Pollenizer

Ruth Gerstatter

Self-fertile, German Zwetsche, Italian, French (D’Agen ), Polly, Pozegaca (Zwetsche), Stanley

Ersinger

French (D’Agen), Polly, Stanley

Earliblue

Self-fruitful,  Stanley, Polly

California Blue

Self-fruitful, Grand Duke, Polly, President, Stanley,

DeMonfort

French (D’Agen) Prune, Green Gage, Polly, Stanley

Vibrant (V70034)

Valerie, Vanette, Stanley, Valor, Victory, Italian, Vision

Valerie (V70031)

Vanette, Valor, Vibrant, Violette, Stanley, Victory, Italian, Vision

Vanette (V66071)

Stanley, Valor, Vibrant, Violette, Victory

Voyageur

Self-fertile, Early Blue, Italian, Stanley, Valerie, Vanette, Veeblue, Verity, Victory, Vision

Castleton

Self-fertile, Italian, NY 6 (Jayfre), NY 9, Polly, Stanley

NY6 (Jayfre)

Castleton, Italian, NY 9, Polly, Stanley

NY7

Castleton, Italian, NY 6 (Jayfre), NY 9, Polly, Stanley

Violette (V72511)

Italian, Valerie, Vanette, Stanley, Valor, Victory, Vision, Voyager

Early Italian (Early Fellenberg)

Partially, self–fruitful, Polly, Stanley, Voyageur

Seneca

Blue Damson, Green Gage, Italian, Polly, Stanley

Veeblue

Bluefre, Early Blue, Italian, Stanley, Valerie, Valor, Vanette, Verity, Vision

Bluebyrd

Stanley, President, BlueFre

Stanley

Self-fertile, Polly, Vibrant, Violette

Polly

Self-fertile

Cacak's Best

Self-fertile, Polly, Stanley

Brooks

Partially self-fruitful, Blue Damson

Valor

BlueFre, Early Blue, Italian , Stanley, Valerie, Vanette, Varity, Vibrant, Victory,Violette, Vision

NY9

Castleton, NY 6 (Jayfre), Italian, Polly

Bluefre (Shropshire)

Self-fertile

Longjohn

Partially self-fertile, Castleton, Polly, Stanley

Victory

BlueFre, Italian, Valerie, Vanette, Vibrant, Violette, Stanley, Valor, Vision, Voyager

Italian (Fellenberg)

Self-fertile, Castleton, Empress, PP 6975-2, President, Stanley, Valerie, Vanette, Vibrant, Violette

Verity

Bluefre, Italian, Stanley, Valery, Valor, Vanette, Victory, Voyager, Vision

NY 202

Polly

Vision

Empress, Italian, PP 6975-2, Stanley, Valor, Vibrant, Victory Violette

Empress

President, Stanley, Victory,

President

Empress, Italian, Stanley, Vision

Mt. Royal

Self-fertile

Yellow Egg

Self-fertile

Vision

BlueFre, Shopshire Damson, Polly, Stanley, Valor, Victory

 

Michigan Plum Growers Association

© 2012 - Forever, Michigan Plum Growers Advisory Group. All Rights Reserved. site: Cloudyreason

Michigan Plum Growers Advisory Group
12800 Escanaba Drive Suite A
Dewitt, MI 48820-8680

Phone : 517.669.4250
Fax: 517.669.4251
[email protected]

Michigan Plums. All rights reserved.

©2012-forever. site design: Cloudyreason